"H.E. Khalil Abdullah Al Khonji, the Chairman of the Oman Chamber of Commerce and Industry and of the Federation of the Gulf Cooperation Council Chambers, receiving the Romania Oman Chamber of Commerce plaque, from its Chairman, Mr.Cristian Dan Danescu." 

Location: Middle East, bordering the Arabian Sea, Gulf of Oman, and Persian Gulf, between Yemen and UAE
Geographic coordinates: 21 00 N, 57 00 E
Map references: Middle East
  • total:309,500 sq km
  • country comparison to the world:71
  • land:309,500 sq km
  • water:0 sq km
Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Kansas
Land boundaries:
  • total:1,374 km
  • border countries:Saudi Arabia 676 km, UAE 410 km, Yemen 288 km
Coastline: 2,092 km
Maritime claims:
  • territorial sea:12 nm
  • contiguous zone:24 nm
  • exclusive economic zone:200 nm
Climate: dry desert; hot, humid along coast; hot, dry interior; strong southwest summer monsoon (May to September) in far south
Terrain: central desert plain, rugged mountains in north and south
Elevation extremes:
  • lowest point:Arabian Sea 0 m
  • highest point:Jabal Shams 2,980 m
Natural resources: petroleum, copper, asbestos, some marble, limestone, chromium, gypsum, natural gas
Land use:
  • arable land:0.1%
  • permanent crops:0.12%
  • other:99.77% (2011)
Irrigated land:588.5 sq km (2004)
Total renewable water resources: 1.4 cu km (2011)
Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):
  • total:1.32 cu km/yr (10%/1%/88%)
  • per capita:515.8 cu m/yr (2003)
Natural hazards: summer winds often raise large sandstorms and dust storms in interior; periodic droughts
Environment - current issues: rising soil salinity; beach pollution from oil spills; limited natural freshwater resources
Environment - international agreements:
  • party to:Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Whaling
  • signed, but not ratified:none of the selected agreements
Geography - note: strategic location on Musandam Peninsula adjacent to Strait of Hormuz, a vital transit point for world crude oil

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