"H.E. Khalil Abdullah Al Khonji, the Chairman of the Oman Chamber of Commerce and Industry and of the Federation of the Gulf Cooperation Council Chambers, receiving the Romania Oman Chamber of Commerce plaque, from its Chairman, Mr.Cristian Dan Danescu." 

Location: Southeastern Europe, bordering the Black Sea, between Bulgaria and Ukraine 
Geographic coordinates: 46 00 N, 25 00 E
Map references: Europe
  • total:238,391 sq km
  • country comparison to the world: 83
  • land:229,891 sq km
  • water:8,500 sq km
Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Oregon
Land boundaries:
  • total:2,508 km
  • border countries:Bulgaria 608 km, Hungary 443 km, Moldova 450 km, Serbia 476 km, Ukraine (north) 362 km, Ukraine (east) 169 km
Coastline: 225 km
Maritime claims:
  • territorial sea:12 nm
  • contiguous zone:24 nm
  • exclusive economic zone:200 nm
  • continental shelf:200 m depth or to the depth of exploitation
Climate: temperate; cold, cloudy winters with frequent snow and fog; sunny summers with frequent showers and thunderstorms
Terrain: central Transylvanian Basin is separated from the Moldavian Plateau on the east by the Eastern Carpathian Mountains and separated from the Walachian Plain on the south by the Transylvanian Alps
Elevation extremes:
  • lowest point:Black Sea 0 m
  • highest point:Moldoveanu 2,544 m
Natural resources: petroleum (reserves declining), timber, natural gas, coal, iron ore, salt, arable land, hydropower
Land use:
  • arable land: 37.73%
  • permanent crops: 1.86%
  • other: 60.41% (2011)

Irrigated land: 6,153 sq km (2007)

Total renewable water resources: 211.9 cu km (2011)

Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):

  • total:6.88 cu km/yr (22%/61%/17%)
  • per capital:320.8 cu m/yr (2009)

Natural hazards: earthquakes, most severe in south and southwest; geologic structure and climate promote landslides

Environment - current issues: soil erosion and degradation; water pollution; air pollution in south from industrial effluents; contamination of Danube delta wetlands

Environment - international agreements:

  • party to:Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
  • signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note: controls most easily traversable land route between the Balkans, Moldova, and Ukraine

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